Contraception/ Birth Control

There are several different forms of birth control. A woman should decide which form will be right for her. Birth control methods may be permanent, long term, short term, or even emergent. Each form of birth control has a different level of efficacy. This is a decision that a patient and her physician should make based upon her lifestyle, personal health history, and preference. Examples of forms of birth control include oral contraceptives, hormonal injections, condoms, intrauterine devices, tubal ligations, and Essure tubal occlusion.

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An example of a long term but not permanent contraception is the intrauterine device or IUD. An IUD is a form of birth control that is placed into the uterus in the physician’s office. Depending upon the device inserted, this form of birth control may last 5-10 years, and once the device is removed, the woman returns to her natural rate of fertility. It is not unusual for a patient with an IUD to experience irregular bleeding for the first 3-6 months after IUD insertion. Some women may no longer have a period within the first 2 years after insertion.